In general, speech-language pathologists work to prevent, assess, diagnose and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive communication and swallowing disorders in children and adults.
They work with patients on speech, language, hearing, swallowing, cognition, voice and resonance, augmentative and alternative communication, social pragmatics and fluency. In addition, speech-language pathologists engage in advocacy and outreach, supervision, education, administration, prevention and wellness, research, collaboration and counseling.
Some of the more common things a speech-language pathologist helps patients with are swallowing, cognition and language and voice.
The calming effects of being in nature, especially the wilderness, have been well known for most of human history. In the 19th century, writers like Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson and John Muir laid the foundation for conservationism, which created the National Park system. Their experiences in nature to overcome anxiety of the modern world and trauma from childhood is well documented in their writings and encouraged others to use wilderness experience for similar healing.
Over the decades since, millions of people have had similar healing experiences in nature without the need of any scientific evidence of its effectiveness. For those in the medical community who prefer scientific evidence before recommending a treatment, evidence is now available.
Annette McGivney, writer, outdoors enthusiast and anxiety sufferer, summarizes this research in her 2018 Backpacker Magazine article. “In an effort to make this brand of wilderness medicine a reality, the Sierra Club has teamed up with scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, to create the Great Outdoors Lab, which compiles research to quantify the effects nature has on chronic health conditions. ‘We hope to make public lands part of a common health care prescription,’ says Sierra Club Outdoors director Stacy Bare, who is also an Iraq War veteran diagnosed with PTSD.”
in the United States, there are about 14,000 women who are diagnosed with
cervical cancer. Since January is Cervical Cancer Awareness Month, it’s a great
time to discuss necessary cervical cancer screenings and their importance in
helping to detect cervical precancer or cancer as early as possible.
cancer screening saves lives. According to the American College of
Gynecologists, it generally takes three to seven years for high-grade changes
in cervical cells to become cancer. Getting regularly screened for cervical
cancer can help detect these changes before they become cancer. In fact, over
the last 30 years, the number of cervical cancer cases and deaths in the United
States has decreased by half, mainly as a result of women getting regular
cervical cancer screening.
Every year people make New Year’s resolutions related to health and fitness, many of which are difficult to sustain. While improving one’s diet or increasing physical exercise are admirable and needed changes, many people could also benefit from a positive change in social skills, namely, improving interpersonal boundaries.
Many people who
enter into psychotherapy demonstrate poor boundaries with people in their
life. They may have difficulty saying “no”
or may let others take advantage of them. These are some basic signs of poor
boundaries. But there is more to boundaries than learning assertiveness.
Interpersonal boundaries can be thought of as an invisible fence between a person and everyone else in the world. This fence marks what the person is responsible for and what they are not responsible for. On their side of the fence lie their own behavior, speech, thoughts and feelings. On the other side are everything else, including others’ behaviors, thoughts and feelings, as well as the traffic, the weather and the nightly news.
There is no denying that the COVID pandemic has been a scary time. It seems that the world is constantly changing, sometimes minute by minute. All this change can create anxiety, especially as restrictions are being lifted and people are starting to get back to “normal life,” or as we continue to hear of new variants.
Anxiety is a normal part of life and is something that everyone experiences. Anxiety can be a helpful emotion at times. It warns of danger and prepares us for fight or flight. However, when left unchecked anxiety can have many negative impacts, which might include isolation, avoidance of anxiety-producing situations, chronic health problems and panic attacks. A healthy fear and caution are normal responses to an unknown world, and avoidance can seem like a healthy way to deal with anxiety. However, using avoidance as a form of coping can adversely affect anxiety by increasing the amount of anxiety that is experienced when we inevitably must do the thing that causes us anxiety. The way to overcome fear and anxiety is to do the things that cause fear and anxiety.
According to the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 12 percent of women ages 15 –
44 in the United States have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a
pregnancy to term.
Another CDC statistic
tells us that 14 percent of women ages 15 – 49 are currently using the birth
control pill as a method of contraception, and 10.4 percent of women are using
a long-acting reversible contraception, such as an IUD.
A common myth that’s been circulating related to these two sets of statistics is that birth control or contraceptives have a negative impact on fertility or can even cause infertility. However, we know this is simply not true – birth control does not have a negative impact on fertility.
People don’t like to think
about unexpected illnesses and injuries, or a time when they are so sick that
they are unable to make decisions about their medical and/or mental health
care. Who would you trust to make those decisions for you? And what should those
Q. What is advance care planning?
A. The central feature of advance care planning is selecting another adult as your patient advocate. Advance care planning also includes an ongoing process of discussing with your patient advocate and your health care provider what is important for you to live well. Talking with your patient advocate about your current state of health and what medical interventions you would like and those you would like to avoid is also included in this process.
Earlier this week, a school shooting occurred at Oxford High School. This tragedy may have parents wondering how to speak with their children about what happened as well as how to help manage grief, stress and mental health that’s associated with a trauma or crisis.
Validate what your child is feeling. Give your child the space to be heard and the opportunity to express their feelings. Feelings of fear, nervousness and trauma are common in these scenarios, and it’s important to validate your child’s feelings. Tell them that it’s okay to feel scared or nervous rather than telling them that they have nothing to worry about.
During Diabetes Awareness Month in November, we’re reminding our patients
who are living with diabetes to keep up with daily foot checks. The American
Diabetes Association recommends
daily foot checks because nearly 1 in 4 people with diabetes will experience a
diabetic foot ulcer. During the pandemic, wound-related amputations rose nearly
It is that time of year again when we must confront the cyclic moods we call Seasonal Affective Disorder, or S.A.D. Each year during the winter months, some individuals experience depression that is cyclic and predictable. This mood change usually starts sometime around October or November and subsides around March or April. Symptoms may include:
A drop in energy level
Becoming increasingly irritable
Experiencing a change in appetite, craving sweets or carbs
While depression can be caused by major life changes, certain medications, or alcohol and other drugs, S.A.D. is believed to be caused by a change in circadian rhythm. The circadian rhythm is the repeating cycle that regulates day and night activities and is fueled by the secretion of melatonin from the pineal gland in response to darkness. Whereas melatonin induces sleep, the hormone serotonin produces energy and feelings of happiness, and increases with exposure to bright light.