Concussion Basics

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Concussions are a big topic in sports right now. Many people want to know what a concussion is, what the symptoms are, what they need to watch for and what the causes of a concussion are.

A concussion is a brain injury  that is brought on by a trauma to either the head or other parts of the body. The injury causes the brain to move more than it should and can make the brain function abnormally. This abnormal function can bring on many different symptoms that can be both physical and behavioral. 

Concussions can create learning disturbances and/or sleep and concentration issues. Some symptoms include but are not limited to, headaches, nausea, dizziness, sensitivity to light or sound, difficulty concentrating, feeling like you are in a fog, trouble falling or staying asleep and many more. If you have sustained an injury and are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a physician for further evaluation.

After an injury it is important to monitor these symptoms, if present, and seek further medical attention if the symptoms severely worsen. “Red flag” warning signs of concussion that require immediate medical attention are decreasing consciousness, increasing sleepiness, seizure, vomiting, trouble recognizing people or places, neck pain, weakness in arms or legs or slurred speech.

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