Author Archives: MidMichigan Health

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Can Lead to Serious Complications

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Infographic: 1 in 20 Americans over 50 has PAD. 1 out of 3 people over 50 with Diabetes is likely to have PAD.

[click image to enlarge] People with PAD are more likely to develop non-healing wounds that require specialized wound treatment. If you or someone you love has these symptoms or risk factors, be on the lookout for non-healing wounds.

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the arteries that reduces blood flow to the legs. It affects between eight and 12 million people in the United States. While the majority of people with PAD don’t know they have it, they have the same five-year mortality rate as people with breast and colorectal cancer.

PAD is often underdiagnosed. One in 20 Americans over age 50 has PAD, and one in three Americans over 50 with diabetes is likely to have it.

Since PAD often has no noticeable symptoms, it is important to know the factors that could put you more at risk. These include:

  • smoking
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • personal history of heart or vascular disease
  • Age (people are  more likely to get PAD as they get older)
  • Race (African-Americans are twice as likely as Caucasians to have the disease.)

Just knowing your risk can help you to be on the lookout for PAD warning signs while also Continue reading.


Is My Child Talking Normally?

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Is my child speaking normally? Should he or she be saying more words, or understanding me more?

If these are questions that you’ve asked yourself, then it’s time to have a talk with your child’s pediatrician. He or she will be able to refer you, if necessary, to an American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) certified speech language pathologist. This type of therapist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all speech, language, social and swallowing disorders in children and adults.

There are some general guidelines that you and your child’s doctor can discuss regarding your child’s development.

We expect infants to have a differentiated cry very early in life (tired, hungry, etc.), between birth and three months of age.

What should you feed your baby when he or she cries?

Continue reading.

Someone You Know May Have a Non-Healing Wound

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Currently, 6.7 million people in the United States are living with chronic wounds. Due to lack of awareness of advanced wound care, the vast majority of these people do not receive the treatment they need and deserve.

Who May Be Affected?

Infographic: Who Could Be Affected By a Non-Healing Wound

[click image to enlarge] People with certain conditions or factors are more likely to develop wounds that don’t heal. The most common wound types are pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, venous stasis ulcers, surgical and trauma wounds and arterial ulcers.

While anyone may be affected, the following groups are particularly susceptible to non-healing wounds. These patients and their caregivers should be on the lookout for wounds that do not heal on their own and should seek treatment right away:

  • People with diabetes
  • Those with a personal history of heart or vascular disease
  • People who have had amputations
  • Cancer survivors, especially those who have had radiation therapy
  • Those who are obese or overweight
  • Veterans
  • Patients who have been readmitted to the hospital
  • Seniors
  • Surgical patients

The most common types of wounds are: Continue reading.


Preventing Container Baby Syndrome

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Container Baby Syndrome (CBS) is a term used to describe a variety of conditions that can result from a baby spending too much time in a positioning device. These devices can include car seats, strollers, Bumbo seats, bouncy swings, rocker sleepers, bouncer seats, jumpers, ExerSaucers, activity gyms and centers, free standing or doorway jumpers and walkers.

Increased time in these containers lead to delays in the development of movement, cognition, social skills and can even cause skeletal deformity. They restrict a baby from being able to move all parts of his or her body. Although a baby may seem to enjoy these spaces and parents like them for providing a confining place for a child to play, this kind of ongoing immobilization can lead to delays in achieving gross motor milestones, such as rolling, sitting, crawling and walking.

Many parents may feel that these devices assist in teaching their children skills, but containers actually prevent babies from sitting or standing in correct alignment, which prevents them from activating important muscles needed for motor development. In addition, prolonged container use can also cause:

  • A flat head shape (known as plagiocephaly) due to lack of movement
  • Facial asymmetries
  • Torticollis
  • Decreased movement, strength and coordination
  • Issues with speech, vision, hearing and thinking
  • ADHD
  • Increased weight/obesity

When infants are held in their caregiver’s arms, they can practice the development of head control. In a container, an infant’s head is constantly resting against a surface, so there’s no need for the baby to work on head control. Tummy time and the ability to learn to move in space is essential to normal development. Tummy time strengthens the muscles of the neck and trunk, promotes a rounded head shape and facilitates the development of movements and coordination. A baby may fuss with tummy time, but that is generally because it is hard work for a baby to lift his or her head off the floor. Increased frequency of tummy time practice throughout the day will make this skill easier over time.

But, let’s be realistic for a moment! Sometimes, you must place your baby in a container for safety while you shower, make dinner, care for siblings, etc. A good rule of thumb is that for every hour that a baby spends in a container, they should spend one hour playing on the floor.

The following guidelines, as recommended by the American Physical Therapy Association, can be used to prevent CBS:

  • Limit your baby’s time in containers, such as car seats and strollers, to only when the baby is being transported somewhere.
  • Increase frequency and duration of awake tummy time opportunities with supervision.
  • Hold your baby in your arms or in a sling for short periods of time throughout the day.
  • Let your baby play freely on the floor in a safe environment.

If you have any concerns or questions regarding Container Baby Syndrome, please speak to your child’s pediatrician. Physical therapists can also help address problems that result from Container Baby Syndrome through positioning strategies, stretches, strengthening activities and facilitating age appropriate development.

Kristin Andraka, D.P.T., is a physical therapist at MidMichigan Health.


What is TMJ, and How is it Treated?

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Temporal Mandibular Joint Dysfunction, or TMJ, is a condition that limits jaw function, leading to difficulty with eating, talking and chewing. It can be painful, too.

Symptoms of TMJ can include jaw pain, jaw fatigue, ringing of the ears, dizziness, headache, jaw popping, neck pain, a locking jaw and difficulty opening your mouth. If you’re suffering from any of these, talk to your dentist. Your dentist will send you to your primary care provider if appropriate, who can then refer you to a physical therapist.

A physical therapist can provide treatment for TMJ using manual therapy, stretching and strengthening exercises, ultrasound, ice massage, electrical stimulation and more.

In addition, there are a few things you can do if you suffer from TMJ that may help ease your symptoms.

  • Avoid eating hard or chewy foods.
  • Do not open your jaw too wide.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Place your computer screen at eye level and keep documents directly in front of you when working on them.
  • Avoid sleeping on your stomach, which forces your neck to rotate in one direction in order to maintain an open airway, increasing stress on your jaw.
  • Avoid repetitive chewing, such as chewing gum.
  • If you’re on the phone for long periods of time, use a headset that allows the neck and jaw to remain in a restful or neutral position.
  • Maintain good oral hygiene and tooth health.

Rob Gallagher, D.P.T., is part of MidMichigan Health’s Rehabilitation Services team in Alpena. He provides physical therapy in his hometown community, and specializes in orthopedics, ankle/foot pain, TMJD, back and knee pain, hip and neck pain and sports therapy. To make an appointment, contact his office at (989) 356-7248.


Survivorship Care and Fitness for Cancer Patients

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After undergoing cancer treatment, patients may hesitate or shy away from any exercise program, whether it’s because they’re scared, nervous, not sure what to do or where to start and question what types of exercises are safe.

An oncology fitness program, however, can improve the quality of a patient’s lifestyle at the time of their diagnosis through and beyond their cancer treatment. Exercise is medicine for both the mind and the body. The benefits of an exercise program include reducing pain and fatigue, as well as allowing the patient to regain movement, strength and aerobic fitness.

The program can help patients improve their quality of life while regaining or improving physical, emotional and social health. An initial consultation provides a base of knowledge of the patient to the clinician so he or she can provide the best quality care. Joint movement, strength and balance will be assessed, and the patient’s goals and interests taken into consideration.

From there, a personalized exercise program will be developed for each patient. Each patient will be taught proper techniques, and will be coached on how to become independent and comfortable with their exercise program.

MidMichigan Health’s Oncology Fitness Program is a cash-based service, and not billable to insurance. It’s offered in MidMichigan Medical Center – Midland’s Campus Ridge Fitness Center. Those who have questions or who would like to schedule an appointment may contact Jan DeVrieze, P.T.A., at (989) 837-9146 or email


Physical Therapy for Pregnant and Post-Partum Women

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Did you know that seeing a physical therapist can help with pregnancy-related pain? And, post-partum physical therapy can help a mom improve posture, core and pelvic strength, even if delivery was many years ago.

Pregnancy brings changes to a woman’s body, including weight gain, altered center of gravity and balance, laxity in her ligaments and increased blood volume. These changes play a huge role in her ability to maintain her same activity level without added stress and strain. In a study published in the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, it was estimated that more than 65 percent of pregnant women experience low back pain.

Physical therapy can help pregnant women reduce pain through stretching and soft tissue release techniques, strengthening exercises and teaching proper mechanics for all activities to reduce the risk of pain, especially low back and pelvic pain.

Following delivery, a new mother is faced with juggling car seats, diaper bags and feeding positions, and often has a desire to get back into a regular exercise routine. Labor and delivery of the baby affects the mother’s pelvic floor (muscles required to prevent unwanted leakage of urine, stool or gas), abdominal muscles and low back, just to name a few. A qualified physical therapist will complete a thorough evaluation to determine what the best method of recovery will be for you to improve unwanted leakage, pelvic or back pain, lifting mechanics and posture.

Seeing a physical therapist during this joyous time of a woman’s life can simply help a mom or mom-to-be ease into her new role and alleviate some common unwanted symptoms.

Jerilyn Strong, D.P.T., is part of MidMichigan Health’s Rehabilitation Services team in Ithaca. She provides physical therapy in her hometown community, and specializes in pelvic floor therapy. To make an appointment, contact her office at (989) 875-4193.


Kinesio Taping: It’s Not Just for Athletes

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What is Kinesio Tape?

Kinesio tape is a type of elastic adhesive tape that can be used in all populations from pediatrics to geriatrics to elite athletes. Kinesio tape is latex-free, hypoallergenic, water resistant, and is able to be worn for multiple days at a time. One of the differences with Kinesio tape compared to other athletic tapes is that it does not restrict or limit range of motion. Therefore, the tape should be applied to allow for full range of motion.

What does Kinesio Tape Do?

Kinesio tape microscopically lifts the skin and can help to facilitate lymphatic drainage, decrease inflammation and increase space. The tape should be applied once an evaluation has been completed to determine limitation and target area. The taping application varies depending on the target tissue and the result that the practitioner is looking to achieve. The tape can also be applied in various cuts based on the results that the practitioner is looking for. Based on the way that the tape is cut and the stretch placed when applying the tape, Kinesio tape is able to decrease inflammation, improve circulation, promote lymphatic drainage and assist with healing and for neuromuscular re-education. Kinesio tape can also be applied in combination with other modalities during a treatment session.

When using Kinesio tape, it is important to perform a full assessment with each patient to determine the desired outcome. It’s also important to educate each patient on the tape application, how to remove it and what to do in case of an adverse reaction. Kinesio tape has been shown to have positive effects of multiple systems of the body and can be used in any stage of rehabilitation.

Lauren Gillette, P.T., D.P.T., is a physical therapist and certified Kinesio taping practitioner at MidMichigan Medical Center – West Branch.


ACL Reconstruction Rehabilitation

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The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, helps stabilize your knee when you perform an activity. Without it, the knee can easily buckle. This stability from the ACL is vital to functional mobility.

Another key part of the ACL’s role is to provide input to the brain, something that is often forgotten. Inside a fully functioning, non-damaged ACL are nerves called proprioceptors. These tell the brain where the knee is in space and if the joint is moving or staying still. When an ACL is torn, these nerves no longer function. The brain is no longer receiving input from the ACL.

During a rehabilitation process, it’s common to focus on your knee when performing exercises. This causes a visual link between the knee and its mechanics. The eyes tell the brain where the knee is, and if it’s moving or stationary. This is fine for when a person is working out in the gym or in another quiet and distraction-free setting.

However, when a person with an ACL reconstruction steps back onto the playing surface, their eyes are no longer focused on what their knees are doing. The eyes are distracted, the brain is no longer receiving the proprioceptive input that it needs and the knee may become less stable. This creates a huge concern for re-injury to the reconstructed ACL.

Because of this, if you’ve suffered an ACL injury, it’s important to perform therapy and exercises with a physical therapist that is going to help your brain and knee work independently of visual stimulation. It’s important to find a trained, qualified therapist to help guide you through your ACL reconstruction rehabilitation.

Jacob Hart, D.P.T., is a full-time physical therapist at MidMichigan Medical Center – Mt. Pleasant with special interests in sports medicine, injury prevention and orthopedics.


Preventing Lower Back Pain with a Strong Core

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Research has shown that at least 80 percent of people will experience lower back pain at some point in their lifetime. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, it’s the number one cause of job-related disability and a leading factor to missed work days.

Back pain doesn’t discriminate – it affects men and women equally. It can develop due to a variety of factors, such as an accident, lifting something heavy, or a spine condition or other age-related issue. You’re more likely to experience back pain if you live a sedentary lifestyle.

While some back pain resolves on its own, some people experience chronic back pain that needs to be treated. Conservative, or non-surgical, options include physical therapy. Modalities, manual therapy, strengthening, stabilization and flexibility exercises will be customized for each patient and their needs.

One exercise that will help treat lower back pain is the strengthening of the core. When your core muscles are weak, other muscles are working overtime to compensate for the weakness. This can and will result in poor posture and body mechanics, which will exacerbate your pain or even lead to more lower back pain. This can be addressed during your initial physical therapy evaluation and hopefully be resolved during therapy, leaving you pain-free through a conservative approach.

Jamie Siple, P.T.A., L.M.T., is a physical therapy assistant in West Branch. She is passionate about educating her community, and has a special interest in helping her patients prevent lower back injuries.